Specific Technique, or KST for short, is a relatively new style of chiropractic,
although some of the components have been around for more than seventy years.
In 2003 Tedd Koren, an American chiropractor, put the final touches to the
technique he had been developing and started teaching it in 2005.
What chiropractors do
chiropractors, of what ever persuasion, do three things.
detect subluxations, the misalignments which compromise the nervous system.
determine their listings, which means they decide how the subluxations need
to be corrected.
adjust the subluxations.
no different. It does all these three things, it's just that the way it does
these three things is very different to the styles of chiropractic we already
practise and you are used to. The methods KST use are more towards the esoteric
or vitalistic end of the spectrum as opposed to the exoteric or mechanistic
end. In fact it utilises some very cutting edge neurological and physiological
is a phenomenon in neurology know as an ideo-motor response. What this means
is that the motor nerve will respond to an idea of an action as though it
was the action itself. Motor nerves carry information from the brain to the
tissues etc. So for example if you think about lifting up your arm all the
motor neurons needed to do that will fire, whether you actually lift your
arm up or not. This is one of the reasons why sports people and athletes
can improve their performance by visualising their actions in advance.
a subluxation happens the body has in-built mechanisms to correct them. When
the body can't correct them for some reason it doesn't mean it stops trying.
The muscles will continue to try to do what they are supposed to do and so
initiate an ideo-motor response.
can work out how to detect the ideo-motor response we can effectively detect
the subluxation. You're probably already ahead of me here. KST uses a binary
bio-indicator to detect the ideo-motor response.
What the heck is a binary
bio-indicator when it's at home?
bio-indicator is a reaction in a body part that either happens or doesn't
happen (hence the binary); a yes or a no. There are surprisingly many of
these in the body. You may have heard about kinesiology or muscle testing.
This is a bio-indicator using relevant changes in muscle strength to give
the yes or no answer.
indicator chosen for KST is the occiput, the bone at the back of the skull.
The occiput is intimately linked to the central nervous system and so is
particularly useful for detecting ideo-motor responses in the motor nerves.
The Occipital Drop
presence of an ideo-motor response, one side of the occiput will appear to
distort very slightly with respect to the other side. Once you have learnt
to feel for it, it feels like one side has dropped down towards your feet
slightly with respect to the other side, which is why it is called the Occipital
Drop, or OD for short.
people can learn to feel this effect in a relatively short period of time,
although it takes quite a lot of practise to become expert at it.
Determining the listings
you can feel the OD it is relatively easy do decide how to correct the
subluxation. Let's suppose that you have got an OD on a particular bone.
You simply wiggle the bone in different ways and see what it does to the
OD. If it makes the OD larger then it's the wrong way. If it makes the OD
smaller then it's the right way. So you simple wiggle the bone in all the
ways it can move and after each wiggle check the OD. When the OD disappears
you have found the direction to correct.
what I have just written is an obvious simplification, you have to understand
the underlying anatomy but you get the idea.
How the adjustment is
instead of using our hands to do the adjusting we us an adjusting instrument
called an AthroStim. (I prefer to call it my "Device". Only because in the
film Barbarella the baddy, Duran Duran, says "I'll just get my device" and
I've always wanted to be able to say it too.)
designed to give twelve taps a second using a very light force. In fact it
is much much gentler than a McTimoney adjustment.
Why twelve taps a second?
are structures in the muscles called beta mechanoreceptors whose job it is
to make the muscles move in certain ways. These can be triggered by a twelve
cycle a second impetus. If you can find the correct spot to apply the AthroStim
then a very gentle twelve taps a second will make the muscle adjust the
it works beautifully!
That's not all though
do more with this than we can with the other styles of chiropractic that
we practise. You can apply KST in the position of pain. Say for example it
only hurts when you sit on your bike, we can get you sitting on your bike
and check and adjust you in situ.
also detect more and different subluxations than we could with our other
techniques, and also adjust structures in the body in different directions
which wouldn't be possible with our hands.
also adjust some soft tissue structures too, like discs for instance.
Specific Technique Chiropractors are Allyn
Edwards and Sue Weller.